Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a small, circular and partially double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) virus in the Hepadnaviridae family. Hepatitis refers inflammation of liver cells and finally getting damage to the liver. The functions of liver include detoxifying the blood, storing vitamins and producing hormones. Hepatitis can disrupt these processes and create severe health problems throughout the human body. There are many causes. Heavy alcohol use, toxins, some medications, and certain medical conditions can also be caused hepatitis. However, hepatitis is most often caused by a virus. The liver is a vital organ that processes nutrients, filters
the blood, and fights infections. When the liver is damaged, its function can be affected. The most common types of viral hepatitis are Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. Hepatitis A can last from a few weeks to several months. Hepatitis B can range from a mild illness, lasting few weeks to a serious life long or chronic condition. Hepatitis C also can range from a mild illness, lasting few weeks, to a serious life long infection. Most people who get infected develop chronic Hepatitis C.
Hepatitis A is spread when a person ingests fecal matter even in microscopic amounts from contact with objects, food or drinks contaminated by feces or
stool from an infected person.