The term ‘Nutraceutical’ was first invented in the year 1989 by Stephen DeFelice, the founder of FIM (Foundation for Innovation in Medicine), which is now becoming a booming industry because of its functional medicinal application in prevention and treatment of diseases. After that, people from developed countries are taking interest in nutraceuticals and functional foods. However, even today, general populations from developing countries are taking interest in nutraceuticals due to their chronic disease preventive effect.
If we go back to our ancient history, the application of food materials as a folk medicine is quite a common observation. This reminds the words of the Hippocrates, who told: “let food be your medicine”. The nutraceutical is a bioactive part of natural food substances, which are gradually identified and assessed by the researchers to estimate their efficacy and safety for particular disease condition and/or multiple health benefits. Usually, the food components, which are considered as nutraceutical, do not come under essential food matrix, but they are a non-food matrix, bioactive components enhance the overall health.