Nutraceuticals and chronic diseases

Nutraceuticals and chronic diseases

Nutraceuticals play a very important role in prevention and treatment of high blood sugar level. The most
common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes with 95% prevalence and is associated with obesity. Although
various drugs for prevention and treatment of diabetes have been introduced, however, globally the total
number of people with diabetes with various causes is increasing. Insulin is associated with lots of complications. Diabetes, not only imposes considerable economic burdens on individual patients and their families but also places substantial economic burdens on society. Isoflavones, are phytoestrogens which have structural/ functional similarities to human estrogen. Soy isoflavones have been studied most and their consumption have been associated with lower incidence and mortality rate of diabetes, heart disease, osteoporosis and certain cancers. Lipoic acid is an antioxidant which is used for the treatment of pinching nerves which is the most common complication of diabetes.

Worldwide, the prevalence of hypertension and the researches in this area is increasing. If it is not controlled, it
will turn in to heart failure. Many studies have reported a protective role for a diet rich in vegetables and fruits
against heart attack. Nutraceuticals in the form of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, dietary fibres and omega 3
polyunsaturated fatty acids (n‚ąí3 PUFAs)¬†together with physical exercise¬†are recommended for prevention and
treatment of hypertension associated¬†death. Flavonoid intake was significantly¬†inversely associated with mortality¬†from incidence of hypertension¬†associated deaths. Fatty acids of the¬†omega 3 series (n‚ąí3 fatty acids) present¬†in fish are dietary components affecting¬†high cholesterol level.